TRAVEL TO ARMENIA

ArmEcoTour travel agency draws travelers’ attention to a new destination called ARMENIA! We invite inquisitive, lively people to Travel to Armenia, to one of the most exciting countries in this world. Various tours have been created to offer a more independent experience than you might expect from travelling in a group for those who love solo-travelling, but also for those who want to explore in their own time, using the local bus or trying a new tavern every night. As with most things, the more you know about Armenia, the more interesting it becomes for you each time you explore it. Here in our staff you’ll find people, who really understand their subject and your interest, could make a passion interest into a lifelong passion- or at least, open your eyes to see the beauties of our country and its history in a new light. So Travel to Armenia is by its nature adventurous, and by taking a holiday with a party of other people, that adventure can seem compromised. To some people travelling in any kind of a group is like being a captive of their holiday and other peoples’ decisions. We want to escape this. Thus, ArmEco Holiday tours were invented so that you could have the best of both worlds – an expert tour-operator on hand to inspire, inform and advise you and the rest of your holiday arrangements made on your behalf – but the freedom and independence to spend time as you wish to spend it. This might mean opting in and out of site visits, or taking advantage of local buses and trains to explore on your own sometimes. It might mean staying behind at a site and sketching and finding your own way back. As with any of ArmEco tours, the Holiday in Armenia is structured as a travelling narrative, building day by day, rather than a series of isolated site visits. During your Travel to Armenia, our customers will be well-informed of the full story of our country. Our guides can tell you about the latest research, new finds and most up-to-date theories – and how they relate to what you are looking at. People travel with ArmEcotour travel company with their families and teenage children who join them during the school holidays and we are delighted that a love of our ancient country can span the age gap in this way. ArmEcoTour is attracting a new audience, and we think that people who were unsure what Travel to Armenia was all about, are now taking the plunge, and joining our holidays. We are always there to organize the on-site (and in-bar) discussions that are some of the best bits of the tour, and everyone’s opinions throw up new ideas. We hope you will join us this year and open the doors to a lifelong interest which you can follow almost anywhere in the world – even in your own back garden.
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REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA

Government

The official title of the country is the Republic of Armenia (RA) (Hayastani Hanrapetutiun). The highest executive authority is the president, who appoints a prime minister, who in turn appoints ministers to comprise the government .The president is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. The legislative branch of the Armenian democracy is the National Assembly (Azgayin Zhoghov). The Republic of Armenia was established on September 21, 1991, and Levon Ter-Petrosyan was chosen as the 1st president of the republic. The nowadays President of the Republic of Armenia is the former minister of Defense of Armenia, Serge Sargsyan, who on the 19th of February, 2008 won the majority of votes in the National Elections and reelected for the second term on 14th of February, 2013.

The constitution of the Republic of Armenia was adopted through a national referendum on July 5, 1995. All citizens fro the age 18 and older have the right to vote. Armenia has established diplomatic relations with more than 125 countries. In the first years of independence, Armenia became a member of the United Nations, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, and the Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe. Armenia is a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States, and at the same time enjoys good relations with the United States and the European Union. In October 1994 the country joined the Partnership for Peace program, which provides for limited military cooperation with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Armenia continues to strive toward development and reform and most recently was admitted to the Council of Europe.

Armenian Flag

 

The tricolor flag of Armenia is comprised of three horizontal and equally-sized stripes of red, blue and orange. The red color of the flag symbolizes the blood that the Armenian people have shed in the struggle for independence. Blue symbolizes the clear sky of Armenia, while the orange color symbolizes the creative drive of the nation.

 

 

 

People

The Armenians, an ancient people living on an ancient land, call Armenia "Hayastan," and themselves "Hai." The indigenous people of the land of Ararat, Armenians forged their national identity with the rise of powerful Armenian kingdoms, the adoption of Christianity as Armenia's state religion, and the creation of the Armenian alphabet, which spurred the development of literature, philosophy, and science. Overall, the population of Armenians world-wide is estimated to be 10 million, many comprising Diaspora communities in Russia, the US, Europe and the Middle East.

 

Language

Linguists theorize that 5,000-7,000 years ago the Proto-Indo-European language splintered into dialects, one of which was Armenian, a separate branch of the Indo-European language family. the Armenian language evolved directly from its Proto-Indo-European roots. Before creating an Armenian alphabet, Armenians used Aramaic and Greek characters. A devoted scholar and monk, Mesrop Mashtots, created a distinctly Armenian alphabet after having travelled all over Armenia to gather the sounds of Armenian speech. In 405 AD he introduced the thirty six unique characters that make up the basis of the Armenian alphabet. During the Middle Ages, two additional characters were added to write words borrowed from foreign languages. At least three different forms of the Armenian language are in use today - Classical Armenian, or Grabar, the scholarly form of the language used to this day by the Armenian Church; Western Armenian, commonly found in American, European and Middle Eastern Diaspora communities; and Eastern Armenian, the official language of the Republic of Armenia and the spoken language of Armenians in Iran and Russia.

 

Religion

About 94 percent of Armenians consider themselves to be Armenian Christians, having derived their faith directly from Christ's apostles.

Armenia became the first nation to declare Christianity as its state religion in 301 AD. Christianity was first introduced in Armenia by the apostles Bartholomew and Thaddeus in the first century AD. At this time, paganism was widespread and practiced by the kings of Armenia. Temples dotted the country, and one symbol example of that era, a Greek-style temple in the village of Garni, was restored in the 1960's and still stands. Christianity was first introduced in Armenia by the apostles Bartholomew and Thaddeus in the first century AD. At this time, paganism was widespread and practiced by the kings of Armenia. Temples dotted the country, and one symbol example of that era, a Greek-style temple in the village of Garni, was restored in the 1960's and still stands. Traditionally, the Armenian Church recognizes the Catholicos of All Armenians as its leader. He resides in Holy Echmiadzin, where St. Gregory the Illuminator established the Armenian Church in 301 AD. A National Ecclesiastical Assembly consisting of lay and clergy representatives of Armenian communities around the world elects the Catholicos. The Church entered its most recent era of leadership on October 27, 1999, when Armenian Christians chose His Holiness Garegin II as the leader of their worldwide church following the death of Catholicos Garegin I. Small Roman Catholic and Protestant communities also exist in Armenia. The Kurdish population is mostly Yezidi or Muslim. A Russian Orthodox community also serves its community.